Breeds Of Cats [PORTABLE]
The following list of cat breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic and wild hybrids. The list includes established breeds recognized by various cat registries, new and experimental breeds, landraces being established as standardized breeds, distinct domestic populations not being actively developed and lapsed (extinct) breeds.
breeds of cats
As of 2023, The International Cat Association (TICA) recognizes 73 standardized breeds, the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognizes 45, the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) recognizes 50, the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) recognizes 45, and the World Cat Federation (WCF) recognizes 69.
Inconsistency in a breed classification and naming among registries means that an individual animal may be considered different breeds by different registries (though not necessarily eligible for registry in them all, depending on its exact ancestry). For example, TICA's Himalayan is considered a colorpoint variety of the Persian by the CFA, while the Javanese (or Colorpoint Longhair) is a color variation of the Balinese in both the TICA and the CFA; both breeds are merged (along with the Colorpoint Shorthair) into a single "mega-breed", the Colourpoint, by the World Cat Federation (WCF), who have repurposed the name "Javanese" for the Oriental Longhair. Also, "Colo[u]rpoint Longhair" refers to different breeds in other registries. There are many examples of nomenclatural overlap and differences of this sort. Furthermore, many geographical and cultural names for cat breeds are fanciful selections made by Western breeders to be exotic sounding and bear no relationship to the actual origin of the breeds; the Balinese, Javanese, and Himalayan are all examples of this trend.
The domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cat types are not breeds, but terms used (with various spellings) in the cat fancy to describe "mongrel" or "bicolor" cats by coat length, ones that do not belong to a particular breed. Some registries permit them to be pedigreed and they have been used as foundation stock in the establishment of some breeds. They should not be confused with standardized breeds with similar names, such as the British Shorthair and Oriental Longhair.
Background: Primary hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common feline heart disease and has been demonstrated to be inherited in some breeds. However, few studies have compared HCM phenotypes and survival according to breed.
Results: Age at the time of diagnosis was lower (P 15 years of age were DS, Persians, or Chartreux. Sudden death (representing 24% of all cardiac deaths) was observed only in 3 breeds (DS, MC, and Sphynx).
The colors correspond to predicted genetic clusters; Western Europe (red), Mediterranean basin (blue), Asia/Southeast Asia (green), and East Africa (yellow). Each column represents an individual cat. The Y-axis represents the proportion of interactions that an individual is assigned to the given cluster. a, The first three basal separations of random bred cats and wildcats. b, (Top) The first basal separation of all populations (K=2). Asian breeds, the Sokoke, and Asian random bred populations (green) are clearly distinguished from all other cats. (Bottom) Analysis of all populations (K=3). African/Mediterranean/Asian cats (red) separate from Southeast Asian (green) and European (blue) populations. c, Twenty-two cat breeds (K=20). Havana Browns and Siamese, and Persians and Exotics, Burmese and Singapura are not genetically differentiated. Burmese appear to share origins with Siamese and Korat. Korats and Birmans also appear to be strongly related. Persians and Siberians show within breed heterogeneity.
The phylogenetic tree was constructed using Cavalli-Sforza's chord distance. Bootstrap values above 50% are presented on relationship nodes. Asian (green), Western European (red), East African (purple), Mediterranean basin (blue) and wildcat (black) populations form strongly supported monophyletic branches. European and African wildcats are closely related whereas short branches of most all other populations indicate close relationships of these breeds and populations. Random bred populations are indicated in italics, breeds are in standard font.
Squares represent population centers of the following geographic regions: Asian populations (green), Western European (red), Mediterranean basin (blue), East African (purple), and wildcat (black). The affinities of the Sokokes to the Asian populations, the Japanese Bobtails to the Mediterranean and European cats, and the Tunisian cats to the European populations, are apparent and are in agreement with the Structure results. Arabian wildcats (F. s. tristami) associate with East African populations, European (F. s. silvestris) with European populations, and African (F. s. caffra) appear most distinct from all other groups. See Supplementary Figure 1 for alternate views.
Light bars represent observed heterozygosity (HO) and dark bars represent the inbreeding coefficient (FIS). Populations listed in ascending order of heterozygosity, breeds are on the left, random bred populations in the middle, and wildcat populations to the right. Y-axis represents the proportion of heterozygosity or inbreeding coefficient.
Ready for a cat but not sure what the right breed for you and your family might be? Great news! Our Cat Breed Library can help you understand the different breeds and decide which type of cat could be your perfect pet. For each breed you can find out more about their history and personality, and understand their health, grooming and nutritional needs.
Anyone who has owned cats can tell you that they are independent, funny, fierce, and loving, sometimes all at once. Hunting is the strong suit of some breeds while cuddling and playing may suit others. Each cat has its own personality and shows it in different ways but if you are looking for certain traits or characteristics, you might be interested in doing some research about popular breeds to get an idea of their dispositions before you let one adopt you.
Domestic cats can be suited for all kinds of families because they are loving and playful and have even temperaments. Relaxed and easy to please, domestic cats make good cats for new cat parents. And, best of all, every domestic cat you adopt saves a life.
If you are looking for a cat that looks like a fuzzy pixie, this is your breed. Devon Rex cats have oversized ears and bright piercing eyes. They are just as playful and mischievous as other breeds but they excel in the affection department. They are curious and happy to assist their owners at every opportunity. Their short coats are unique as well. A mutation that occurs only in Devon Rex cats causes the waviness and differences in texture but with less shedding and fewer grooming requirements. They grow to be about 2.3-4.5 kg (5-10 lbs).
This beautiful cat is known for its muscular body covered with a distinctly ticked coat. They are a medium sized cat, weighing between 2.7-4.5 kg (6-10 lbs) as adults. Not known as cuddlers, Abyssinian cats are very active. They love to explore and discover what treasures are hidden inside your cabinets. Additionally, they are extremely social. Since they are very active cats, they may not be a good choice for older owners or families that are away much of the time.
Bengal cats have become very popular because they look like miniature (3.6-7 kg [8-15 lb]) leopards. Like Abyssinians, they are extremely curious and inquisitive. Without a lot of attention and things to do to stay busy, they can become bored or frustrated which might lead to undesirable behaviours. This is a breed of cat that loves water and may decide to go fishing in your aquarium. While gorgeous, they are definitely not suited to every home.
According to ancient feline DNA analysis, domestic cats are likely descended from the African wildcat (lat. Felis silvestris lybica) several thousand years ago. However, selective cat breeding only appeared over the last 50 years, which in evolutionary terms is a very short time for robust genetically different sub-populations within an animal species to form.
Selective cat breeding has also historically been focused on aesthetic features (coat color, coat texture, and other traits defined by a single gene variant), rather than genetically complex body structure or functional/behavioral traits (as is the case in dog breeding). This has resulted in some cat breeds being defined by a single gene variant (responsible for a curly coat, for example) while sharing a multitude of other variants associated with common life history and geographic origin with other, visually different cat breeds. It also happens that cats with very different genetic makeup are classified as the same breed simply due to visual similarity.
To complicate matters further, cats are significantly under-represented in genomics research, especially compared to dogs. To put things in context, researchers from the 99 Lives cat genome project rejoiced when they sequenced the genomes of 200 domestic cats (double their initial goal), while the Dog10K Consortium is aiming to sequence the genomes of 10,000 dogs and wild canids.
Our genetic proximity map depicts the genetic relationships between cat breeds currently included in the Basepaws breed report. The breeds are grouped into four clusters according to their genetic similarities. Eastern breeds are genetically most distinct from the other breeds in our analysis. Eastern breeds include Birmans, Burmese, Oriental Shorthairs, and Peterbalds. Western cats are the largest group in our database. Abyssinian, American Shorthair, Maine Coon, Norwegian Forest, Siberian Forest, Ragdoll, and Russian Blue have all been grouped within this cluster. However, British Shorthairs and Egyptian Maus are genetically related to both Western cats and the neighboring groups of Persian and Exotic cats, respectively. Persian breeds include Exotic Shorthairs, Himalayans, and Persians. Exotic cats include the hybrid bred Bengals and Savannahs. 041b061a72